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Myths and Legends of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 169

216
KOU-YUN-JIK. M. Botta and mound of, 339;
Layard's searches in mound of, 344, 345;
George Smith's excavations at, 351;
Rassam's excavations at, 354, 355
KUK-UL-CAN. Reference to the god, 224


L

LAB'AN. Jacob and, 267
LAB'AR-TU. The hag-demon, 271, 277
LADY OF THE GODS. Ishtar the, 176
LAG'ASH. The modern Tel-lo, earliest Semite monuments come from, 16;
the priests of became kings, 16;
Gudea high-priest of, 19, 355;
Bau 'mother of,' 145
LA'HA-MÉ. God; birth of, 71
LAH'MU. God; birth of, 71
LAM-AS'SU. A spirit of similar type to the Sedu, 277
LAMENTATION-S. For Tammuz, 135, 136, 140;
Rituals, 253-255
LANGUAGE. The Akkadian, 13, 14;
Babylonian priesthood preserved old Akkadian tongue as a sacred, 14;
Sumerians borrowed from rich Semitic tongue, 15;
cuneiform writing, 60-66, see Writing;
Median, 65;
Susian, 65;
Assyrian, 65;
Longpérier's translation of Assyrian, 66;
of Babylonia and Assyria, compared, 205
LAR'SA. Shamash worshipped at, 109;
Khammurabi's improvements at, 187
LA'YARD, Sir HENRY. Assur-bani-pal's library at Nineveh and, 35, 46;
archæological researches at Nineveh, 46, 155, 344, 346;
researches of, at Nimrûd, 340, 342-344, 346
LEGEND-S. Jewish, re Abram and Nimrod, 51;
Persian, re Abram and Nimrod, 52, 53;
the creation, 193-195;
of Etana, 195;
of the origin of star-worship, 232-3;
the, of Ura, 268-270;
of a dog, 291, 292;
'Cuthæan, of creation,' 294-6
LENORMANT. Hebrew and Assyrian poetry and, 322
LEO, SIGN OF. Recalls the slaying of Khumbaba, 182
LETTER-S. Franked by clay seals bearing name of Sargon, 18
LEVI, ELIPHAS. The Baphomet goat and, 293
LIA FAIL, THE. The Stone of Destiny; reference to, 248
LIBRARY. Assur-bani-pal's, 35, 46, 71, 261, 282, 346;
the temple in 'Tablet Hill,' 363
LIGHT. Merodach and Tiawath, and the primal strife between darkness and, 79
LITERATURE. Babylonian art and, under Khammurabi the Great, 20;
Assur-bani-pal and Babylonian, 35;
sacred, of Babylonia, 67-69
LIVER-READING. By priests, 281-283
LOFTUS, WILLIAM KENNET. Successor of Mr Hormuzd Rassam, 346, 347
LO'KI. God of fire; Nergal not unlike, 106
LU'GAL-BAN'DA. Storm-bird god; like Prometheus, 93
LU'GAL-ZUG-GI'SI. King of Erech; famous text of, found by Hilprecht, 366


M

MAAT. Reference to, 222
MAGI. Confounded by Zoroaster, 333
MAGICAL TEXTS. Dawkina alluded to in the, 197;
Anu mentioned in, 198;
of Babylonia and Assyria, 257, 288;
alluded to in Bible, 266, 267;
circle, the, 275, 276
MAGICIAN-S. The word of power and, 263;
Ea, the great, of the gods, 268
MAHOMET-AN. 'Baphomet' a corruption of, 293;
conquest, 333
MAI-MON'I-DES. Jewish rabbi, friend of Averroes;
his commentary on the Mischnah, 232
'MAK'LU.' A series of texts known as, 261
Mam'it. Equivalent for taboo, 278
MAM-MET'UM. The maker of destiny, 173
MAN-KIND. Creation of, by Merodach, 80, 81;
goddess Aruru assists in the creation of, 82, 86;
humanizing of, 112, 113
MARAZION. Signifies in Semitic, 'Hill by the Sea,' 331
MAR-CHESH-UAN. Merodach's month, 251
MAR'DUK. See Merodach, 175, 200
MARRIAGE. Customs in Babylonia, 312
MARS. Identified with Nergal, 235
MAS'HU. The Mountain of Sunset, 171
MAZ'DA. One of the spiritual powers in Zoroaster's religion, 337
MEC'CA. Reference to the celebrated Kaaba (temple) at, 52
MEDE. Zoroaster a, 333
ME'DI-A. Subdued by Ninus, 25
MEDICINE. Ea, a god of, 192
MEG-ID'DO. The Canaanitish fortress of, 189
ME-LI'LI
1. Queen; wife of Benani, 82;
2. Mother of the monsters, 295, 296
MEL'I-SHIP'OK II. Houses found dating from period of, 376
MELK ('KING'). Variant of Moloch, 328
MEL'KARTH. Phœnician god of Tyre, 327, 328;
worship of, in Carthage, 330
MEL'KARTH-RESH'EF. Phœnician combination, 328
MEM-AN-GAB. Leader of the monsters, 295, 296
MEM'PHIS. Assyrians enter, 31
MEN'KES MOUND, 376
MER-AG-A'GA. Variant of Merodach, 202
MER'CURY. Identified with Nabu, 235
MER'OC. Yaran flees to, 210, 211
MER'O-DACH. Babylonian god, 41;
temple of, 47, 374;
Nimrod identified with, 50;
prayer and god, 68;
Tiawath and, 76-82;
creates man, 81;
the central figure of a popular myth, 84;
god Ea displaced by, 86, 199;
may have been a bull-god, 93;
worshipped at Babylon, 94;
Asshur identified with, 94;
Nebuchadrezzar and, 104;
Diabarra and, 106;
the name Mordecai a form of, 142;
great festival of, the Zakmuk, 141;
worship of, first prominent in days of Khammurabi, 184-198;
association with Nebo, 184-186;
the Chamber of Fates in temple of, 185;
Zarpanitum, wife of, 186, 202;
supremacy of, 192;
variant Marduk, 194, 200;
Shamash and, 200;
variants, Amaruduk, Asari, Saragagam, and Mer-agaga, 202;
attendant hounds of, 202;
usurped place of Bel, 227;
Bel paired with, 228;
Jupiter, identified with, 235;
eighth month ruled over by, 237;
month Marcheshuan belonged to, 251;
eclipses and, 256;
demons and the name of, 263;
four dogs of, 291;
head of the Babylonian Pantheon, 377;
Nabonidus, 377
MER'O-DACH-BAL-A-DAN I. Houses found dating from period of, 376
MESH'A. The Moabite king; Chemosh, god of, 190
MESH'ACH. One of Daniel's companions, 38
MES-O-POT-A'MI-A. Elam and Northern —, overcome by Sargon, 17;
Semitic religion in, 331;
excavations in, 339, ff.;
George Smith dispatched to, 351;
recent research in, 366-376
MEXICO. Reference to religious system of ancient, 204;
reference to temples, on, 243
MIC'AH. Reference to his teraphim, 268
MIDDLE AGES. The Sabbatic goat of the witchcraft of the, 293
MI-LI-SHIK'HU. Babylonian monarch; Shamash and, 187
Misch'nah. Commentary on the,

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