Myths and Legends of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 165

worship of Ashtart at, 327
CYRUS, KING. The worship of Bel and, 98-101
CYRUS THE PERSIAN. Invasion of Babylonia by, 41;
the pretended avenger of Bel-Merodach, 41;
Cambyses, son of, 41;
conqueror of Babylon and saviour of Merodach's honour, 378


DA'DA. Abbreviated form of Abd-Hadad;
resemblances between Hadad, Dido, Davad, and, 189-191;
Shalmaneser (II) speaks of, 189
DAG'AN. Palestinian form of Dagon;
a fish-god, same as Oannes or Ea, 216, 217;
associated with Bel, 217;
Anu and, 198
DAG'ON. God Atargatus worshipped under the name of, 27;
a fish-god, 151, 152;
an Amorite deity, 325
DAM'AS. One of the two eunuchs appointed to watch Rhodanes and Sinonis, 57
DAM-AS'CI-US. The last of the Neoplatonists, 72;
author of Doubts and Solutions of the First Principles, 73
DAM-AS'CUS. Worship of Hadad at, under name of Rimmon, 189;
worship of Ramman in, 220
DAM'KU. One of the lesser Babylonian gods, 229
DAN'I-EL. Babylonian appellation, Belteshazzar, 37;
Nebuchadrezzar and, 37-40;
Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego companions of, 38;
reference to a corrupted story of the deliverance of the three Hebrew princes recorded by, 53;
Book of, 97;
the worship of Bel and, 98-101
DA'ON. The shepherd king of Pantibiblon, 112
DA-O'NUS or DAOS. King of Babylonia, vide Berossus, 127
DAR-I'US. Babylonia independence recovered after death of, 41;
defeated at Arbela, 378
DA'VID. Resemblances between Hadad, Dáda, Dido, and, 189-191;
variants, Dod, Dodo, 190
DAW-KI'NA. Belos (Bel-Merodach), the son of Ea, and, 73;
saved from the deluge, 115;
Ishtar identified with, 127, 137;
consort of Ea, 197
DE MORGAN. Unearths monument of Naran-Sin at Susa, 17;
copy of Khammurabi's code found by, 21
DE SAR'ZEC, ERNEST. French vice-consul at Basra;
diorite statues of Gudea (2700 B.C.) found by, 47;
excavations of, at Tellô, 355, 356;
Découvertes en Chaldée par, reference to, 356
DEAD. The doctrine of ministering to, 181;
often left unburied in Babylonia, 269;
attitude of Burmese to, 269;
Canaanites and cult of the, 326;
Persians and their, 336;
Parsis and their, 336;
'House of the —,' at Nippur, 362
DELLA VALLE, PIETRO. Cuneiform writing and, 61
DELPHI. Worshippers of Apollo send offerings to, 330
DELUGE, THE. Berossus' account of, 42-45;
reference to account of, in Gilgamesh Epic, 42;
analogies with Flood Myth, 45, 46;
Babylonian and Hebrew story of, have a common origin, 45, 323;
myth of, 112, 173-178;
refugees saved from—Ea, etc., 115
DEMETER. Tanit compared with, 330
DEMONOLOGY. Of Babylonia and Assyria, 257-288
DEMONS. Many Babylonian gods evolved from, 268;
Babylonian, described, 276-278
DESTINY. Mammetum, the maker of, 173;
Zu and the Tablets of, 193-195;
the Lia Fail, the Stone of, reference to, 248
DEVIL-S. Possession by, 262
DI-A'NA. Goddess, 235, 319
DI-BARR'A. A variant of Nergal, 106;
a Babylonian deity placed in the Assyrian pantheon, 229
DI'DO. Resemblances between Hadad, Dáda, David, and, 189-191;
Queen of Carthage, 329;
Tanit identified with, 331
DIS. Variant of Belus, 114
DIVINATION. Practice of, by Babylonians and Assyrians, 281-288;
Shamash, Hadad, and Rimmon, 'lords of —,' 283;
Phœnicians' belief in, 329
DIVINITIES, TRIBAL. The most outstanding, 94
DIVS. Arch-demons and demons, 334
DOD or DODO. See David;
worship of, by the side of Yahveh, 190
DOG-S. The, in Babylonia;
five hounds of Assur-bani-pal, 290, 291;
legend of a, 291, 292
DRAGON, THE. Bel and, 71;
China and, 80;
in Egypt, it is the serpent Apep, 80;
in India, the serpent Vritra (Ahi), 80;
in Australia and in parts of N. America a great frog, 80;
Beowulf and, 80;
Faffnir and, 80;
legend of Bel and, in the Apocrypha, 97;
Merodach's, 186;
the, in Zoroaster's religion, 337
DREAM-S. Nebuchadrezzar's, and Daniel, 37-40;
of Gyges, King of Lydia, 302, 303
DU-MU-ZI. A contraction of Du-mu-zi-apsu;
name of Tammuz derived from, 126
DUN'GI. Gudea vassal of the throne of, 19
DYNASTY. 'The First, of Babylon,' 21;
a Kassite, founded by Kandis, 21;
the First, of Ur, 101;
Khumbaba, and an Elamite, 166;
reference to Kassite, 248;
the Hammurabi, 325;
the Seleucidæ and the Arsacidæ, 333


E'A, OR O'AN-NES. The Babylonian god of light and wisdom, 14;
held sway at Eridu, 14;
legendary father of Semiramis, 25;
source of all things and, 72;
Apsu (Zigarun), mother of, 72;
variant, Nudimmud, 73;
Tiawath and, 76;
Merodach and, 79;
displaced politically by Merodach, 86, 199;
name of Jonah may be compared with that of, 87;
fish-form of, 93;
the God of the deep, 93;
Eridu, city of, 94;
temple of, 102;
the god of the waters and of the abyss, 111-116;
father of Merodach, 111, 191;
Greek name, Oannes, 111;
instructions tending to humanize mankind, 112, 113;
writings of, 113-116;
myth re creation of world and, 115;
variant, Nin-a-gal, 116;
variant, En-ki, 116;
Adapa, son of, 116;
Dagon (Dagan) same as, 151, 152, 216, 217;
Ut-Napishtim instructed by, 174, 176;
in later times, 191-193;
Dawkina, consort of, 197;
identified with a star in the constellation Argo, 236;
eclipses and, 255;
demons and name of, 263;
gazelles and, 292
EA-BA'NI. Goddess Aruru and, 86;
temple maiden Ukhut and, 129, 163;
typifies primitive man in Gilgamesh epic, 155, 159, 160;
the monster Khumbaba and, 158;
slain by wrath of Ishtar, 158;
shade of, appears to Gilgamesh, 160;
a sort of satyr, 163;
the beguiling of, 163, 164;
Gilgamesh meets, 164-166;
death of, 170;
Gilgamesh laments, 179;
ghost of, designated utukku, 181
EAGLE. Symbol of Kis, 294, 296;
Babylonian fable re the, 296-298
EA-LUR. Goddess;
amalgamated with Zarpanitum, 186
E-ANNA. Temple of, at Erech, 250
E-ANNA-TUM. Shamash first mentioned in reign of, 109;
'stele of vultures' erected by, discovered by de Sarzec, 355
EARTH. The Annunaki, the spirits of, 90;
-mother, worship of, 318, 319
E-BABB'ARA. 'The shining house';
name of Shamash's sanctuary, 109, 249
EC-BA-TA'NA. Cyaxares, the Scythian king of, 36
ECLIPSE. Terror of, to Babylonians, 255, 256;
the fatal, in case of Assur-Dan III, 307-309
E'DOM. Worship of Hadad extended from Carchemish to, 189
E-GIG-UN-NÛ. 'House of the Tomb';
the temple-tower of Nippur, 362
EGYPT. Semitic immigrants in, 15;
conquered by Semiramis, 26;
Esar-haddon wars with, 31;
Nebuchadrezzar invades, 37;
cult of Ishtar in, 124;
Semitic religion in, 331;
excavations in, 339
E-KUR. The temple of, 248, 253;
temples of E-Sagila and, 249
E'LAM-ITES. Northern Mesopotamia and, overcome by Sargon, 17;
yoke of, thrown off by Khammurabi, 20;
name of Khumbaba argues enmity between Babylon and, 166;
Assur-bani-pal and gods of the, 204;
votive object from, 248
EL-BUGÂT. Feast of, 134
EL-IS'SA. Dido confounded with, 190
Elôhim. Term employed in Genesis, 327
EN-KI. Variant of Ea, 116
EN-LIL. The god, 14;
temple of, unearthed, 47;
Merodach and, 84;
earlier name of Bel, 95-97;
a god of vegetation, 96;
symbol of winged bull represents, 97;
word lil signifies a 'demon,' 97;
Beltis (Nin-lil), wife of, 101;
Hadad resembled, 188;
Ramman, son of, 221;
temple of E-Kur sacred to, 248
EN-MASH'TI. Name of Ninib translated by Canaanites as, 326
E'NOCH, BOOK OF. Quoted, 294
E'NOS. Son of Seth, 232
EPH'ES-US. Patroness of, and Diana, 235
EP-I-PHA'NI-US. His allegations re Nimrod,