<<<
>>>

Myths and Legends of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 162

190
ATARGA'TUS. God; Dagon worshipped as, 27
ATARYAT'IS. Alternative, Derketo. Fish-goddess, legendary mother of Semiramis, 25
ATHENAG'ORAS. Refers to worship of Semiramis, 27
ATHENS. Piræus, port of, 328
AT'TIS. A god akin to Adonis, 132
AU'RA MA-I-NYU. Evil principle of Zarathustra's religion, 334
A-VERR'-O-ES. Friend of Maimonides, 232
AVESTA. Earliest form of Zoroaster's name in the, 333
A'YA. The betrothed of Sham-ash, 166
AZ'AR. One of Nimrod's guards; traditional father of Abram, 54
AZ'TECS. Reverence of, for worship of Toltecs, 226, 227
AZ-U-RI, King. Sargon displaces, by Ahimiti, 210


B

BAAL. Sun-god;
Hadad the supreme, 189;
magic and, 258;
Phœnician god, 327;
Tanit alluded to as 'The Countenance of —,' 330
'BA'AL.' Canaanitish god, 325;
term applied by Phœnicians, 327
BAAL-AMM'ON or MO'LOCH. See Moloch
BA'AL-HAMM'AN. Phœnician god worshipped in Carthage, 327
Ba'alim. Presiding spirits, 326;
of Tyre, the Phœnicians and, 327
BA'BEL. The Tower of, 48;
Hebrew verb babal confused with word babel, 48;
story of Tower of, suggested by one of the towers of Babylon;
the beginning of Nimrod's kingdom was, 49
BÂBIL. Mound and enclosure of 103, 347;
as a citadel, 368
BA'BU. Esar-haddon, restorer of, 306
BABYLON-IA-N. Racial origin, 12;
mother of astrology and magic, 12;
land boundaries, the Tigris and Euphrates, 12;
the Akkadians and, 13;
Semites—receive germs of culture from Akkadians, 14;
language, 14;
civilization, 14;
offshoot of culture of Eridu, 15;
first founders, 15;
Semite conquerors enter, 15, 16;
first great Semitic empire in, founded by Sargon of Akkad, 16;
Syria and Palestine welded with, by Sargon, 17;
kings, vicegerents of the gods, 17;
art; gem-cutting, etc., 17;
communication between island of Cyprus and, 18;
fall of 'First Dynasty of —', 21;
Burna-buryas, King of, 22;
Tukulti-in-Aristi takes, and slays King Bitilyasu, 22;
built by Semiramis, 26;
finally conquered by Tiglath-pileser III, 30;
surrender of, through starvation, 34;
literature; Assur-bani-pal and, 35;
Nebuchadrezzar leads Jews into captivity in, 37;
Kings; Nabonidus, last of, 40;
independence of, recovered after death of Darius, 41;
Persians conquer, 41;
destruction of, 41;
Seleucia built out of ruins of, 42;
archæology, 46, 47;
legend of confusion of tongues and towers of, 47;
E-Sagila, tower of, 47;
built by Nimrod, 50;
cuneiform writing of, 60-66;
cosmogony, 70-87;
religion, early, 88-153;
spirits and gods in ancient, 89-153;
religion, Semitic influence on, 91, 92;
religion, signs of totemism in, 92;
the Pantheon—Early, 94, 95;
Later, 184-198;
Nippur preferred to, 196;
the country of Bel, 225;
star-worship in, 231-238;
temples of, 242-251;
magic and demonology, 257-288;
belief in taboo, 278;
conquered by Shalmaneser I, 308;
religions of Assyria and, comparative value, 313-336, etc.;
captivity, 321;
religion, penetrated to Britain, 331;
the religion of Zoroaster supplanted that of ancient, 332;
ethics, 337, 338;
myth, compared with Hellenic and Scandinavian, 338;
moral code, 338;
modern excavations in, 339-366;
the, of Nebuchadrezzar II, 367;
water supply of, 368;
hanging gardens of, 371;
the elder, 375, 376;
national status of, regained, 377;
religion, decay of, 378, 379
Bab-y-lon'ic-a. A work by Iamblichus, containing fragments of Babylonian history, 56;
reference to an epitome of the, by Photius, 56
BANKS. Temples as, 250, 251
BAPHOMET. Name of pagan idol, 293
BARBARO, JOSAPHAT. Cuneiform writing and, 61
BAR-SA'NES. King of Armenia, 25
Barû. The seers, 260
BAS'RA. Layard sends sculptures to, 344;
Ernest de Sarzec, French vice-consul at, 355
BAS-RELIEF-S. Found in palace of Sennacherib at Kouyunjik, 345;
found in palace of Assur-bani-pal, 346
BAU. Goddess;
mother of mankind, 'chief daughter of Anu,' 144, 145;
Zag-muku and, 251
BE-DAD or BEN-DAD. The father of the Edomite Hadad, 190
BE-EL'ZE-BUB. Magic and, 258
BE-HIS-TÛN. Persian text at, 65
BEL. Babylonian sun-god, 41;
the Dragon and 71;
Merodach and, 79, 194;
at Nippur, looked on as creator of man, 86;
ruled at Nippur (Niffur), 94;
earlier variant, En-lil;
description of, 95-97;
legend of the Dragon and, in the Apocrypha, 97;
worship of, at Babylon, 98;
King Cyrus and worship of, 98-101;
the temple of, 101-105;
discovery of Mr George Smith re temple of, 101;
Nebo, son of, 102;
father of Nirig, 153;
Ut-Napishtim and, 174, 176;
Gilgamesh resorts to, 180;
Tablets of Destiny and, 193-195;
Dagan and, 198, 216;
the Assyrians and the country of, 225;
Merodach usurped place of, 227;
the Pole Star (of equator), 236;
eclipses and, 255;
Bilé allied with, 317;
shrine to, of King Bur-Sin I, 364
Bel, The Observations of. In library founded by Sargon,

<<<
>>>