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Myths and Legends of Babylonia and Assyria

Page: 161

327
ALTAR-S. Of Dodo, and of Yahveh, 190, 191
A'LU. Bull, sent by Anu against Gilgamesh, 168, 169
AL'U-DEMON. The, 271, 277
A-MAR'UDUK. The name Merodach, originally, 202
AM'EN-HET'EP IV. King of Egypt;
letters to, unearthed at Tel-el-Amarna, 22
AMORITE-S. Hadad, a god of the, 188;
deity, Dagon an, 352
AN'A-TU. The consort of Anu, 123;
mother of Ishtar, 168
ANCESTOR-WORSHIP. The Canaanites and, 326
ANDRAE, Dr. A German explorer, 356
ANIMALS. Babylonian gods having form of, 92, 93;
mythological monsters and, of Chaldea, 289-298;
the dog, 290-292;
the pig, 294
ANIMISTIC. Babylonian religion typically, 317, 319
AN-NE-DA'TUS. Appears from Eruthrean Sea, 112
Ann'-u-na-ki, THE. Generic name for the gods of the earth, 82, 130;
spirits of earth, 90;
decree fate, 173;
torches carried by, 175
AN'SAR. God;
birth of, 71;
Tiawath and, 76
AN'SHAR. Variant of Asshur;
created with Kishar, 208;
Anu, Ea, and Merodach sent to destroy Tiawath, 208
AN'U. God of the sky;
son of Ansar and Kisar, 72;
Ansar and, 76;
Merodach and, 79;
most ancient of Babylonian deities, 90;
held sway over Erech and Der, 94;
temple of, 102;
South Wind and, 117-121;
En-lil, Ea and, the universal triad, 121;
significance, 121-123;
Anatu, the consort of, 123;
Bau and, 144;
sacred bull sent against Gilgamesh by, 158;
father of Ishtar, 168;
Hadad worshipped with, at Asshur, 188;
the Tablets of Destiny and, 195;
in a triad with Ea and Bel, but more frequently in the texts apart from them, 197, 198;
Dagan and, 198;
in Assyria—in Babylon, 217;
invoked with Bel, 227;
the Pole Star, 236;
eclipses and, 255
ANU'NIT. Lesser goddess, merged in conception of Ishtar, 124
APH-RO-DI'TÉ. Ishtar and cult, of, 124;
Ishtar and, connected, 235
APOCRYPHA. Legend of Bel and the Dragon in, 97
APOLLO. Temple to, at Carthage, 330
APOLLODORUS. Statement of, re Ea, 112
Ap'su. The deep, or 'house of knowledge,' 72;
alternative, Zigarun;
mother of Ea, 72, 73, 74;
the primeval, 193
AQUARIUS, SIGN OF. The deluge story and, 183
ARABIA. Semites believed to have come from, 15, 16;
Naram-Sin penetrates, 17;
Semitic religion in, 331
AR-AKH'TU. Nabopolasser and the channel called the, 368
AR-A-LÛ.
1. The underworld, 125; 128-131, 171.
2. Goddess;
variant, Eres-ki-gal;
Nergal and, 150
AR-BE'LA. Ishtar's shrine in, 212;
battle of, 378
ARCHÆOLOGY. Babylonian, 46, 47;
Chaldean, 339-366;
American interest in Babylonian, 356-366;
fashionable about the time of Nabonidus (556-539 B.C.), 363
ARES. Greek god, 315
AR'GO. Ea identified with a star in the constellation, 236
ARK. The Babylonian, 174-178
AR-TA'IOS. Median monarch;
Nannar confounded with, 146
ARTEMIS. Reference to, 132
ART-S. Babylonian;
gem-cutting, etc., 17;
Babylonian literature and, under Khammurabi the Great, 20;
all the, under Ea's patronage, 192
A-RU'-RU. Goddess who aided the formation of man, 82, 86, 123;
creates a champion against Gilgamesh, 162
AR'Y-AN. Race;
the Philistines of, 324
AS-A'RI. Appellation of Merodach, 202;
may be compared with Asar (Osiris), 202
ASH'DOD. Temple of Dagon at, 151;
Sargon's expedition against, 210, 211, 350
ASH'TART or ISH'TAR. Worshipped in Carthage, 327, 330
ASH'TER-OTH or AS-TAR'TE. Ishtar known to Canaanites, Phœnicians, and Greeks as, 124, 319, 326;
the Aphrodite of the Greeks, 131;
Phœnician god, 328
ASHURBAN'APAL. See Assur-bani-pal.
A-SHU'SHU-NA'MIR. Created by Ea, 130
ASIA. Submitted to Ninus, 25;
Tiglath-pileser III invested with sovereignty of, 30;
Belit and Asshur in pantheon of, 228
ASIA MINOR. Greek colonies in, 235, 236;
peopled by diverse races, 324;
worship of Ashtart in, 328
A'si-pû. The wizards, 260;
273, 274
AS'KE-LON. Temple of Ashtart (Ishtar) at, 327
ASSH'UR.
1. City;
site of, explored by the German expedition of 1899, 47;
residence of god Asshur, 207;
Bel's temple in, 227.
2. God;
identified with Merodach, 94;
Ishtar, consort of, 125;
religion of Assyria centres in, 206-211;
etymology of name, 208;
variant, Anshar, 208;
mentioned in inscription of Samsi-Ramman, 208;
Sargon and the conquering power of, 210, 211;
Ishtar and, 214;
Bel-Merodach placed after, in the Assyrian Pantheon, 225, 377;
prisoner-gods and, 226;
Belit and, 227
ASSUR-BAN'I-PAL. King of Assyria;
Greek equivalent, Sardanapalus, 32;
historic reality, 33;
death of, 33;
succeeded Esar-haddon, 34;
Samus-sum-yukin, brother of, 34;
his death, 35;
his library at Nineveh, 35, 46, 71, 261, 282, 346;
patron of literature, 154;
Sin and, 224;
Belit and, 227, 228;
capture of twenty gods of the Elamites by, 204;
tablets dealing with magic in library of, 261;
the five hounds of, 290, 291;
autobiography of, 301-306;
palace of, discovered by Rawlinson, 346;
fragment of history of, discovered by George Smith, 352;
tablets of, 354;
zikkurat of, 365
ASS'UR-DAN III. The fatal eclipse and, 307-309
ASSUR-NAZ'IR-PAL. Son of Tuk-ul-ti-in-Aristi, 23;
places Hadad-nadin-akhi on throne of Babylon, 23;
Ishtar and, 214;
Ninib, and, 214, 216;
Calah residence of, 215;
Shamash and, 223;
Sin and, 223;
sculptures glorifying, 343;
dedications of, unearthed, 351
ASSUR-NAZ'IR-PAL III. King of Assyria, reference to his reign, 23
ASS'UR-RI-SHI'-SHI'. Ninib and, 214
ASS'UR-YU-BALL'IDH. The Kassite king of Babylonia marries daughter of, 22
ASSYRIA-NS. Race origin, 12;
Hittite and Amorite elements intermingled with, 12, 13;
land boundaries, the Tigris and Euphrates, 12;
the Akkadians and, 13;
Tiglath-pileser, King of, 23;
Semiramis the Great, Queen of, 24-29;
Assur-bani-pal desired to make the centre of religious influence of the empire, 35;
Scythians penetrate into, 36;
Sin-sar-iskin, last King of, 36;
cuneiform writing of, 60-66;
religion, Semitic influence on, 91, 92;
the Pantheon of, 203-230;
religion of, centres in Asshur, 206;
greatness;
secret of, 208, 209;
Ishtar in, 211-214;
worship of Ramman in, 220;
Shammash's cult in, 222, 223;
Bel-Merodach and, 225;
cult of Nabu in, 228;
temples of, 242-251;
culture;
progenitors of, 250;
magic and demonology, 257-288;
belief in taboo, 278;
religions of Babylonia and, comparative value of, 313-337;
religion of Zoroaster supplanted that of ancient, 332;
ethics, 337, 338;
modern excavations in, 339-366;
empire, fall of, in 606 B.C., 377
ASTROLOGY. Birthplace of, 231
ATARATH. The arel (or altar) of Dodo carried from,

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