Myths and Legends of Ancient Greece and Rome
Page: 177Thalia (tha-li´-ah), 159, 163.
Thallo (thal´-lo), 164.
Thamyris (tham´-i ris), 158.
Themiscyra (the-mis´-se-rah), 245.
Thermodon (ther-mo´-don), 244.
Thersander (ther-san´-der), 276.
Thesmophoria (thes-mo-fo´-re-ah), 197.
Thestius (thes´-te-us), 33.
Thyone (thi-o´-ne), 128.
Tiphys (ti´-fiss), 216.
Tisiphone (ti-sif´-o-ne), 138.
Titanomachia (ti´-tan-o-ma´-ke-ah), 17.
Tityus (tit´-e-us), 134.
Trachin (tra´-kin), 254.
Trachis (tra´-kis), 254.
Trinacria (tri-na´-cre-ah), 316.
Trivia (triv´-e-ah), 97.
Trœzen (tree´-zen), 251
— walls of, 104.
Tubal-Cain (too´-bal-cane), 101.
Typhœus (ti-fo´-yuce), 21.
Uffizi Gallery (oof´-fid-ze), 80.
Ulysses (u-lis´-seez), See Odysseus.
Urania (u-ra´-ne-ah), 159.
Veneralia (ven-e-ra´-le-ah), 61.
— of Milo, 60.
Via Salavia (vi´-ah sa-la´-ve-ah), 184.
Xuthus (zoo-thus), 210.
A Complete Course in the Study of English.
Spelling, Language, Grammar, Composition, Literature.
Reed's Word Lessons—A Complete Speller.
Reed's Introductory Language Work.
Reed & Kellogg's Graded Lessons in English.
Reed & Kellogg's Higher Lessons in English.
Reed & Kellogg's One-book Course in English.
Kellogg's Text-Book on Rhetoric.
Kellogg's Text-Book on English Literature.
In the preparation of this series the authors have had one object clearly in view—to so develop the study of the English language as to present a complete, progressive course, from the Spelling-Book to the study of English Literature. The troublesome contradictions which arise in using books arranged by different authors on these subjects, and which require much time for explanation in the schoolroom, will be avoided by the use of the above "Complete Course."
Teachers are earnestly invited to examine these books.
Maynard, Merrill, & Co., Publishers.
43, 45, and 47 East Tenth Street, New York.
 The early Greeks supposed the earth to be a flat circle, in the centre of which was Greece. Oceanus, the ocean stream, encircled it; the Mediterranean being supposed to flow into this river on the one side, and the Euxine, or Black Sea, on the other.
 Owing to the vagueness of the various accounts of creation, the origin of the primeval gods is variously accounted for. Thus, for instance, Oceanus, with some, becomes the younger brother of Uranus and Gæa.
 Possibly an image of him placed in readiness.
 Hesiod is said to have lived 850 years before the Christian era, consequently about 200 years after King David. He lived in Bœotia, where his tomb is still shown at Orchomenus. This ancient writer left behind him two great poems, one entitled "The Works and Days," in which he gives us some of the earliest Greek legends, and the other, "The Theogony," containing the genealogies of the gods; but, unfortunately, both these poems have been so interpolated by the writers of the Alexandrian school that they have lost their value as reliable sources of information with regard to the early beliefs of the Greek nation.
 There are various versions of this myth. According to some the jar or vase was full of all "the ills which flesh is heir to."
 From Diaus, the sky.
 The ancient Greeks attributed much of the subsequent character of an individual to early influences; hence Hera, the future queen and mistress of heaven, is represented as being brought up in a domesticated and orderly household, where home virtues are carefully inculcated.
 This circumstance has given rise to the erroneous conclusion that Juno presided over the finances of the state, but the word moneta is derived from the Latin monere, which means to warn or admonish.
 The first large ship possessed by the Greeks fit for more than coast navigation.
 When Perseus, with the help of Athene, had cut off the head of the Medusa, the two sisters caused a sad dirge-like song to issue from the mouths of the many snakes of which their hair was composed, whereupon Athene, pleased with the sound, imitated the melody on a reed, and thus invented the flute.
 The river Po.
 This great work of antiquity was destroyed by an earthquake fifty-six years after its erection, B.C. 256. The fragments remained on the ground for many centuries, until Rhodes was conquered by the Turks, and they were eventually sold by one of the generals of Caliph Othman IV. to a merchant of Emesa for £36,000, A.D. 672.
 According to some authorities, Strymon.
 This wonderful lyre, which had been given to Apollo by Hermes (Mercury) in exchange for the Caduceus or rod of wealth, is said to have possessed such extraordinary powers, that it caused a stone, upon which it was laid, to become so melodious, that ever afterwards, on being touched, it emitted a musical sound which resembled that produced by the lyre itself.
 Aristæus was worshipped as a rural divinity in various parts of Greece, and was supposed to have taught mankind how to catch bees, and to utilize honey and wax.
 Called also Anaitis-Aphroditis.
 This occurred during the night Alexander the Great was born.
 Another version with regard to the origin of this defect, is that being born ugly and deformed, his mother Hera, disgusted at his unsightliness, herself threw him violently from her lap, and it was then that his leg was broken, producing the lameness from which he suffered ever after. On this occasion he fell into the sea, and was saved by the sea-nymphs Thetis and Eurynome, who kept him for nine years in a cavern beneath the ocean, where he made for them, in gratitude for their kindness, several beautiful ornaments, and trinkets of rare workmanship.
 According to some accounts Chares was the wife of Hephæstus.
 The trident resembled the arrow-headed pronged fork, used by the fishermen of the Mediterranean Sea in the eel-fishery.
 The island of Rhodes owes its name to her.
 It is worthy of notice that the sons of Poseidon were, for the most part, distinguished by great force and turbulence of character, in keeping with the element over which their father was the presiding deity. They were giants in power, and intractable, fiery, and impatient by nature, spurning all efforts to control them; in all respects, therefore, fitting representatives of their progenitor, the mighty ruler of the sea.
 A cubit is the length from the elbow to the extremity of the middle finger, and therefore an indefinite measure, but modern usage takes it as representing a length of seventeen to eighteen inches.
 On the Egyptian coast.
 Most of the words ending in eus may also be pronounced thus: Æ´-ge-us,