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Myths and Legends of Ancient Egypt

Page: 169

156
SAHARA DESERT. Reference to, 33
SAH-RA. One of the three children of Ruddidet, 203;
name of second King of Fifth Dynasty and, 205
SAÏS. Reference to, by Herodotus, 56;
centre of Amen-Ra at, 142;
Lady of, 164;
Neith, goddess of, 246
SAÏTE. 1. Recension; chapter of Book of the Dead recited
on special occasions, 57;
reference to, 113;
date of, 114.
written upon coffins and papyri, 114.
2. Period, reference to, 152, 184;
the last, of Egyptian art, 319, 320;
incursions of the Persians, Greeks, and Romans during the, 319;
Egyptian artists of, 319;
edifices of—the pronaos of Komombos, the temple of Isis
at Philæ, the kiosk of Nectanebu, the Mammisi and temple
of Horus at Edfû, 319, 320;
structures, influenced by foreign ideas, 320;
paintings of, 320
SAK'HE-BU. Lord of, 202
SAK-KA-RA. Equivalent, Saqqara, 37;
Maspero at, 113
SAL-CA-MAY'HUA. Indian writer; tribal origins and, 10
SAMOTHRACIAN. Mysteries; Hecate and, 175
SAN'E-HA. Story of, 190, 191
SAQ-QA-RA. Pyramidal building copied at, 24;
pyramid of Menkauhor at, 26;
Assa mentioned on tablet at, 26;
equivalent, Sakkara, 37;
Seker, god of death, at, 57
SAR'A-PIS. The Grecian equivalent, Osiris-Apis, 287;
Greeks ascribed the attributes of Hades to, 287;
in Egypt and Greece regarded as the male counterpart of Isis, 287;
the cult of, in Britain, 287;
known to the Egyptians as Asar-Hapi, 306;
worshipped by Greeks and Egyptians, 306;
to Greeks, deceased bull took form of, 306;
Ptolemy, surnamed the Saviour, and the Legend of, 307;
another version of the legend, 307, 308;
Soteles and Dionysius sent to Alexandria to remove the statue, 307;
the people of Sinope and the statue of, 307;
statue brought to Egypt, 307;
Pluto and statue of, 307
SA REN'PUT I. The portico of, 317
SAT'ET. God; reverenced at Elephantine, 152;
female counterpart of Khnemu, 153;
a form of the star Sept, 153;
equivalent, Setet; goddess of the inundation, 155;
as a form of Isis and counterpart of Osiris, appears in
Book of the Dead, 156
SA'TI. As a force which sent forth Nile flood, Isis was called, 83
SA'TI-TEM'UI. The terrible serpent, 116;
preys on the dead, 116
SAT'URN. Appellation, Horus (bull of heaven), 181
SCANDINAVIAN. Myth; reference to, 132
SCAR'ABS. Placed in coffin of deceased, 301
SCORPION-S. Selk the goddess of, 247;
sacred to Isis, 295
SCOT. Character of the, compared with Egyptian, 50
SCULPTURE. The full-length at Cairo of the 'Sheikh-el-Beled'
(real name Ka-aper), 315;
during the New Empire period, 317;
during the Saïte period, 320;
reference to works of Chinard and Houdon, 322
SEB'EK. The crocodile, the incarnation of the god, 11, 289;
alluded to in the Pyramid Texts, 21, 289;
equivalent, Sobk,55;
sight restored by, 289;
helper of child Horus, 289;
representation in religious art, 291
SECOND DYNASTY. Reference to bas-relief of, 112;
Book of the Dead in vogue in, 113;
reference to, 144
SEF AND DUA. Alternatives, 'Yesterday' and 'To-morrow';
two guardian lions, 292
SEK'ER. Sanctuary of, 57;
realm of, 78, 117;
antiquity of, 117;
identified with Night-sun, 145;
sometimes confounded with Sept and with Geb, 145;
ruled portion of underworld, 145;
attributes of, absorbed by Ptah, 146;
temple of, at Memphis, 147;
groups of Seven Hathors mentioned in Litanies of, 169
SEK'ER-BOAT. Ceremonies connected with, which typified revolution
of the sun, 145;
known as Henu; mentioned in Book of the Dead,145;
description of; body of Osiris and, 146;
probably form of Mesek-tet-boat, 146
SEK'ER-O-SI'RIS. Souls of dead among servitors of, 210
SEK'HET AA'RU. Equivalent, Field of Reeds; pleasant portion of the Duat, 115;
centre of kingdom of Osiris, 116;
souls here under rule of Ra-Heru-Khuti, 116
SEK'HET HET-E-PET. Delectable part of the Duat, 115
SEKH'MET-BAST-RA. Amalgamation of three gods, representation of, 148
SEKH'MET or SEK'MET. Temple of, at Memphis, 147;
female counterpart of Ptah; identified with Hathor;
personification of destroying heat of sun, 147;
alternative, Nesert; attributes of Seven Wise Ones and, 147;
Bast amalgamated with, 148;
reference to, 150;
named in myth of Ra and Hathor, 167
SEMITIC. Vocabulary, imposed on people in Nile valley, 34;
dynastic Egyptians had some element of the proto-, 35;
Egyptians related to, 182;
resemblances between Coptic and, 183
SEMITIC ADONAI. The Greek Adonis; Aten and, 160
SEMITIC INFLUENCE. African and, on Egyptian religious ideas, 280-282
SEN'EF-ER-U. The cult of the dead in time of, 112;
tale of magic of the days of King, 199, 200
SENEGAMBIA. Superstition among tribes of, re new name given
at initiation ceremonies, 259
SEN-NACH'ER-IB. King of Assyria; defeated by Setnau, 219, 220
SEN-U-SERT. Pyramid of, 26;
equivalent, Usertsen, 133, 190;
story of Saneha and, 190, 191
SE-O-SI'RIS. The son of Setne; noted for his wisdom, 208;
recites from the magical books to Setne, 209;
leads Setne to unknown place in mountains of Memphis, 209;
shows Setne a vision of the gods of Amenti, 209-211;
no scribe or magician in Memphis his equal, 211;
reads sealed letter to Pharaoh Ousimares, 212-219;
his former identity as chief magician of Pharaoh Manakhphrê, 218;
disappears as a shadow, 219
SEPT. Astronomical symbol of Isis, 83;
Seker and, 145;
goddess Bast entitled 'the lady of Sept,' 148;
equivalent, Sothis, 148;
reference to, 156;
Hathor identified with, 168
SEP'TAH MEN-EP'TAH. Likeness of, example of bas-relief during
Saïte period, 318
SER-A-PE'UM. The famous; discovered by Mariette, 287;
votive statues and stelæ found in the chapels of, 287
SER-BON'IAN LAKE. Temple to Ashtoreth on shores of, 278
SER'GI, PROFESSOR. Reference to, 34
SERVICE OF ANTIQUITIES. Reference to, 38
SET. One of the great gods at Heliopolis, 14;
birth of, 65;
enemy to his brother, Osiris, 66;
alternative, the Greek Typhon, 66;
causes death of Osiris, 67;
discovers coffin of Osiris, 69;
Horus battles with, 70;
as a prisoner is set at liberty by Isis, 70;
pigs possibly symbolical of, 75;
Isis imprisoned by, 82;
represented face of heaven by night, 84;
reference to Horus's war against, 86, 87, 88;
schemes against Horus, 89, 96;
Horus takes prisoner one whom he wrongly thinks to be Set, 90;
end of, 91, 92;
symbol of darkness, 92;
reference to, 17, 95, 98, 103, 104, 106;
assumes form of black hog, 96;
causes temporary blindness to Horus, 97;
Nephthys, sister and wife of, 97;
cult of, 99;
friend to the dead; assisted Osiris to reach heaven; mortal
enemy of Horus the Elder, 99;
derivation of name, 99;
god of sin and evil; storms, earthquakes, eclipses, &c.,
attributed to, 100;
animals regarded as children of, 100;
the 'Great Bear' abode of, 101;
goddess Reret and, 101;
decline of worship of, 101;
Plutarch the ass, 101;
likens to; alluded to in Book of the Dead,

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