Bible Myths and their Parallels in other Religions Being a Comparison of the Old and New Testament Myths and Miracles with those of the Heathen Nations of Antiquity Considering also their Origin and Meaning
Page: 159[260:4] Murray: Manual of Mythology, p. 180.
[260:5] Apol. 1, ch. xxii.
[260:6] Deane: Serp. Wor. p. 204. See also, Bell's Pantheon, vol. i. p. 29.
"There were numerous oracles of Æsculapius, but the most celebrated one was at Epidaurus. Here the sick sought responses and the recovery of their health by sleeping in the temple. . . . The worship of Æsculapius was introduced into Rome in a time of great sickness, and an embassy sent to the temple Epidaurus to entreat the aid of the god." (Bulfinch: The Age of Fable, p. 397.)
[261:1] Aryan Mytho. vol. ii. p. 238.
[261:2] Herodotus: bk. vi. ch. 61.
[261:3] See Philostratus: Vie d'Apo.
Gibbon, the historian, says of him: "Apollonius of Tyana, born about the same time as Jesus Christ. His life (that of the former) is related in so fabulous a manner by his disciples, that we are at a loss to discover whether he was a sage, an impostor, or a fanatic." (Gibbon's Rome, vol. i. p. 353, note.) What this learned historian says of Apollonius applies to Jesus of Nazareth. His disciples have related his life in so fabulous a manner, that some consider him to have been an impostor, others a fanatic, others a sage, and others a God.
[262:1] See Philostratus, p. 146.
[262:2] Ibid. p. 158.
[262:3] See Ibid. p. 182.
[263:1] Compare Matt. ix. 18-25. "There came a certain ruler and worshiped him, saying: 'My daughter is even now dead, but come and lay thy hand upon her, and she shall live.' And Jesus arose and followed him, and so did his disciples. . . . And when Jesus came into the ruler's house, and saw the minstrels and the people making a noise, he said unto them: 'Give peace, for the maid is not dead, but sleepeth.' And they laughed him to scorn. But when the people were put forth, he went in, and took her by the hand, and the maid arose."
[263:2] See Philostratus, pp. 285-286.
[263:3] "He could render himself invisible, evoke departed spirits, utter predictions, and discover the thoughts of other men." (Hardy: Eastern Monachism, p. 380.)
[263:4] "And as they thus spoke, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and said unto them: 'Peace be unto you.' But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit. And he said unto them: 'Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in your hearts? Behold my hands and my feet, that it is myself; handle me and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have." (Luke, xxiv. 36-39.)
[264:1] See Philostratus, p. 342.
[264:2] Ibid. p. 5.
[264:3] Justin Martyr's "Quæst." xxiv. Quoted in King's Gnostics, p. 242.
[264:4] Acts, viii. 9, 10.
[265:1] See Mosheim, vol. i. pp. 137, 140.
[265:2] Irenæus: Against Heresies, bk. iii. ch. xi. The authorship of the fourth gospel, attributed to John, has been traced to this same Irenæus. He is the first person who speaks of it; and adding this fact to the statement that "it is impossible that there could be more or less than four," certainly makes it appear very suspicious. We shall allude to this again.
[265:3] Eusebius: Eccl. Hist. lib. 2, ch. xiv.
[265:4] Apol. 1, ch. xxiv.
[266:1] See Prog. Relig. Ideas, vol. ii. pp. 241, 242.
[266:2] According to Hieronymus (a Christian Father, born A. D. 348), Simon Magus applied to himself these words: "I am the Word (or Logos) of God; I am the Beautiful, I the Advocate, I the Omnipotent; I am all things that belong to God." (See "Son of the Man," p. 67.)
[266:3] See Prog. Relig. Ideas, vol. ii. p. 316, and Middleton's Free Inquiry, p. 62.
[266:4] Eusebius: Ecc. Hist., lib. 3, ch. xiv.
[266:5] Middleton's Works, vol. i. p. 54.
[267:1] Middleton's Works, vol. i. p. 54.
[267:2] Prog. Relig. Ideas, vol. ii. p. 312, and Middleton's Works, vol. i. p. 10.
[267:3] "The Egyptians call all men 'barbarians' who do not speak the same language as themselves." (Herodotus, book ii. ch. 158.)
"By 'barbarians' the Greeks meant all who were not sprung from themselves—all foreigners." (Henry Cary, translator of Herodotus.)
The Chinese call the English, and all foreigners from western countries, "western barbarians;" the Japanese were called by them the "eastern barbarians." (See Thornton's History of China, vol. i.)
The Jews considered all who did not belong to their race to be heathens and barbarians.
The Christians consider those who are not followers of Christ Jesus to be heathens and barbarians.
The Mohammedans consider all others to be dogs, infidels, and barbarians.
[267:4] "And in the fourth watch of the night, Jesus went unto them, walking on the sea." (Matt. xiv. 25.)
[267:5] Prog. Relig. Ideas, vol. ii. p. 236. We have it on the authority of Strabo that Roman priests walked barefoot over burning coals, without receiving the slightest injury. This was done in the presence of crowds of people. Pliny also relates the same story.
[267:6] Prog. Relig. Ideas, vol. ii. p. 236.
[267:7] Athenagoras, Apolog. p. 25. Quoted in Middleton's Works, vol. i. p. 62.
[267:8] Geikie: Life of Christ, vol. ii. p. 619.
[268:1] Geikie: Life of Christ, vol. i. p. 75.
[268:2] Jewish Antiquities, bk. viii. ch. ii.
[268:3] Middleton's Works, vol. i. p. 68.
[268:4] "And he cometh to Bethsaida, and they bring a blind man unto him, and besought him to touch him. And he took the blind man by the hand . . . and when he had spit on his eyes, . . . he looked up and said: 'I see men and trees,' . . . and he was restored." (Mark, viii. 22-25.)
[268:5] "And behold there was a man which had his hand withered. . . . Then said he unto the man, 'Stretch forth thine hand;' and he stretched it forth, and it was restored whole, like as the other." (Matt. xii. 10-13.)
[268:6] Tacitus: Hist., lib. iv. ch. lxxxi.
[269:1] See Chambers's Encyclo., art. "Tacitus."
[269:2] See The Bible of To-Day, pp. 273, 278.
[269:3] See Gibbon's Rome, vol. i. pp. 539-541.
[270:1] Middleton's Letters from Rome, p. 102. See also, Bell's Pantheon, vol. i. p. 16.
[270:2] Dionysius of Halicarnassus, one of the most accurate historians of antiquity, says: "In the war with the Latins, Castor and Pollux appeared visibly on white horses, and fought on the side of the Romans, who by their assistance gained a complete victory. As a perpetual memorial of it, a temple was erected and a yearly festival instituted in honor of these deities." (Prog. Relig. Ideas, vol. i. p. 323, and Middleton's Letters from Rome, p. 103.)
[271:1] See Prefatory Discourse to vol. iii. Middleton's Works, p. 54.
[271:2] See Origen: Contra , bk. 1, ch. lxviii.
[272:1] See Origen: Contra Celsus, bk. 1, ch. ix.
[272:2] Ibid. bk. iii. ch. xliv.
[272:4] Ibid. bk. 1, ch. lxviii.
[272:7] Dial. Cum. Typho. ch. lxix.
[272:8] See Isis Unveiled, vol. ii. p. 148.
[272:9] See Baring-Gould's Lost and Hostile Gospels. A knowledge of magic had spread from Central Asia into Syria, by means of the return of the Jews from Babylon, and had afterwards extended widely, through the mixing of nations produced by Alexander's conquests.
[273:1] See King's Gnostics, p. 145. Monumental Christianity, pp. 100 and 402, and Jameson's Hist. of Our Lord in Art, vol. i. p. 16.
[273:2] See Monumental Christianity, p. 402, and Hist. of Our Lord, vol. i. p. 16.
[273:3] Monumental Christianity, pp. 403-405.
[273:4] Middleton's Works, vol. i. p. 19.
[273:5] See Taylor's Diegesis, p. 59.
[274:1] Gibbon's Rome, vol. i. p. 588. An eminent heathen challenged his Christian friend Theophilus, Bishop of Antioch, a champion of the Gospel, to show him but one person who had been raised from the dead, on the condition of turning Christian himself upon it. The Christian bishop was unable to give him that satisfaction. (See Gibbon's Rome, vol. i. p. 541, and Middleton's Works, vol. i. p. 60.)
[274:2] Middleton's Works, vol. i. pp. 20, 21.
[274:3] Ibid. p. 62. The Christian Fathers are noted for their frauds. Their writings are full of falsehoods and deceit.
[275:1] Contra Celsus, bk. 1, ch. ix. x.
[275:2] See Middleton's Works, pp. 62, 63, 64.
[275:3] On The Flesh of Christ, ch. v.
[276:1] I. Corinthians, i. 22, 23.
[276:2] Matt. xii. 29.
[276:3] See for example, Joel, ii. 10, 31; iii. 15; Matt. xxiv. 29, 30; Acts, ii. 19, 20; Revelations, vi. 12, 13; xvi. 18, et seq.
[277:1] The writers of the Gospels were "I know not what sort of half Jews, not even agreeing with themselves." (Bishop Faustus.)
CHRIST CRISHNA AND CHRIST JESUS COMPARED.
Believing and affirming, that the mythological portion of the history of Jesus of Nazareth, contained in the books forming the Canon of the New Testament, is nothing more or less than a copy of the mythological histories of the Hindoo Saviour Crishna, and the Buddhist Saviour Buddha,[278:1] with a mixture of mythology borrowed from the Persians and other nations, we shall in this and the chapter following, compare the histories of these Christs, side by side with that of Christ Jesus, the Christian Saviour.
In comparing the history of Crishna with that of Jesus, we have the following remarkable parallels: