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An Introduction to Mythology

Page: 150

150
Orion, different conceptions of, 140; constellations of, in South
American myth, 141-142; Bakairi idea of, 182
Orithyia, 95
Ormuzd (Ahura Mazda), Persian creative deity, 169
Orpheus, Reinach's, 85
Osiride et Iside, Plutarch's, 246
Osiris, 135, 218, 220, 246, 285; myth of, built up, 39;
as corn-spirit, 113-114, 129-130; his development, 113-114;
and dismemberment myth, 143; as Creator, 164
Otherworld, Celtic, 209-210

P

PACARI TAMPU, Peruvian myth of, 16
Pachacamac, Peruvian thunder-god, 16, 173-174
Pallas Athene, 20; according to Pragmatic, Psychic, and Stoic
schools, 43; referred to by Milton, 278; Brigit compared with, 296
Pampas Indians, belief in after-life, 212
Pan, myth of, 132
P'an Ku, Chinese creative deity, 167
Pantheons, causes which modified, 30
Papagos Indians, creation myth of, 147
Paradise, 195 et seq.
Paraguayans, culture myth of, 150
Passes of Brazil, belief about earth of, 134
Patagonians, belief in after-life, 212
Pawnee Indians, dismemberment myth of, 146; creation myth of, 147;
myth to account for customs or rites of, 157
Payne, E. J., his History of the New World called America, 84
Pehuenche Indians of South America, 314; whale-goddess of, 314
Pentecost Islanders, dualistic myth of, 146; death myth of, 151
Pentheus, legend of, 243
"Period of the Gods," a cycle of Japanese myths, 260
Peroun, Slavonic god, 28
Persephone, 114; myth of, 129-130, 206, 288, 304
Persians, dualistic myth of, 145; creation myth of, 146; flood
myth of, 153; place of reward of, 153
Personality, theory of—see Animism
Peruda, Tupi god of generation, 184
Peruvian Indians, their name for Earth-Mother, 134; belief in
destruction by fire among, 139; myth of birth of gods among, 144;
creation myth of, 147; their myth of origin of man, 148; their
myth of origin of heroes, 149; culture myth of, 150; fire myth
of, 152; flood myth of, 153; place of punishment of, 154; moon
myth of, 156; star myth of, 156
Peruvian myth, 16, 84; sun-god in, 119; Mama-cocha ('Mother Sea')
in, 125, 314; Copacahuana (idol) in, 125; creation myth, 173-174;
Paradise and Hell in, 212
Pherecydes of Leros, his adjustment of myth to popular belief, 42
Pherecydes of Syros, his treatise on myth, 41-42
Philological school, the, 47-51; its sub-schools, 50; method of,
criticized by Lang, 71
Picumnus, 134
Picus, Latin deity, 32, 117
Pillan, Araucanian deity, 308-309, 312
Pilumnus, Latin rural deity, 134
Pirrhua Manca, Peruvian sun-god, 16
Place of punishment, 195 et seq.; myths of, classified, 154
Place of reward, 195 et seq.; myths of, classified, 153-154
Plant cults, 93
Pleiades, different conceptions of, 140, 141, 142, 156; Bakairi idea
of, 182; Tupi-Guarani idea of, 184
Plutarch, on Egyptian animal deities, 15; his pragmatical explanation
of myth, 43; his writings on Egyptian myth, 246
Pluto, ruler of Greek Hades, 45, 206, 218
Podarge, white-footed wind, 133
Poetry, English, myth in, 275-281
Polynesians, dismemberment myth of, 146; myth of origin of man of, 148;
death myth of, 151 olyonymy, factor in formation of myth, 48
Polytheism, definition of, 29; strange gods readily adopted in a
state of, 34
Pomona, Latin goddess of fruit-trees, 135
Popol Vuh, Kiche mythic book, 172, 187, 190; not influenced
by Biblical ideas, 188-189; material of, 264; creation story
in, 264-265; importance of, 269; English translation of, in
The Word by Guthrie, 270
Porphyry on myth, 43
Poseidon, Greek sea-god, 41, 126; as brother of Pluto, 206
'Powers,' Marett's definition of, 24
Prajapati, Indian creative deity, 160-161
Prehistoric Man, Wilson's, 306 n.
Priests, Araucanian, 312
Primitive Culture, Tylor's, 55-58
Primitive Marriage, McLennan's, 59
Prince, Professor, 271
Principles of Sociology, Spencer's, 59
Prithivi, Hindu Earth-Mother, 289
Procris, as dew, 50
Prodicus, his interpretation of myth, 42
Prolegomena zit einer wissenschäftlicher
Mythologie
, MĂĽller's, 46
Prometheus, bird-form of, 123; as fire-stealer, 140; compared with
Loki, 293
Prometheus Unbound, Shelley's poem, 276
Proserpine and golden bough, 78, 80, 81
Proteus, Gwydion compared with, 296
Ptah, Egyptian creative god, 115, 165, 285
Pueblo Indians, belief in destruction by fire, 139
Punchau Inca, Inca sun-god, 309
Purusha, Indian deity,

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