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An Introduction to Mythology

Page: 141

The deceased, however, must pay a toll to another old woman, of malicious character, for permission to pass a narrow strait on the road; otherwise she would deprive him of an eye.

The life after death was very similar to earthly existence, but without fatigue or satiety. Husbands had the same wives as on earth, but had no children, as the Otherworld was inhabited by the spirits of the dead alone.

Certain vestiges of sun- and moon-worship were known among some tribes, who called the sun Anti, and the moon Kayan; but recognition of these luminaries as deities was intermittent and probably seasonal.


[2] Commerce of the Prairies, vol. ii, p. 235.

[3] Heart, Trans. Am. Phil. Soc., vol. iii, p. 216.

[4] Prehistoric Man, vol. i, p. 276 (London, 1876).

[5] Myths of the New World, p. 101 (1896).

[6] Abipones, vol. ii, p. 101 (London, 1822).

[7] Amer. Urreligionen, pp. 265, 272 (Basel, 1855).

[8] History of Chile, vol. ii, p. 85 (1809).

[9] Molina, op. cit., vol. ii, p. 87.

[10] Hawkins, Sketch of the Creek Country, p. 80 (Savannah, 1848).


INDEX

A

ABALL, Celtic term for apple, 95
Abella, city of Campania, 95
Accadian concept of the abyss, 34-35; sun myth, 155
Adjacent method in mythology, the, 83
Adonis represents revival of vegetation, 135
Aeracura, Celtic deity, 294
Æacus, son of Zeus and Ægina, 206
Æneid, Servius's commentary on the, 78
Ængus, Irish deity, 295
Æolus, Greek wind-god, 133
Ætiological (explanatory) myth, 15 n.; story of Orestes an, 79;
Jevons on, 86-87; Marett on, 89
African myth, Lang on, 71; ideas of future life, 216
After-life, ideas of, 195 et seq.
Agamedes, builder of Apollo's palace, 121
Agave, mother of Pentheus, 243
Agni, Hindu fire-god, 52, 130, 131, 256, 259; birth of, 160
Agricultural gods, 113, 128-129
Ahriman, Persian evil principle, 169; Molina on, 310
Ahts Indians, beast myth of, 145; creation myth of, 147;
fire-stealing myth of, 149; flood myth of, 153
Ai and Edda, dwarfs in Norse myth, 262
Aimon Kondi, deity of Arawak Indians, 139, 179
Ainu (Japan), soul myth of, 152
A-Kikuyus, myth to account for customs and rites of, 157
Alatnir, Slavonic magical instrument, 208
Albiorix, Celtic (Gaulish) deity, 204
Algonquin Indians, belief in destruction by fire, 139; myth of birth
of gods of, 144; dualistic myths of, 145; dismemberment myth of, 146;
creation myth of, 147, 177; culture myth of, 150; fire myth of, 152;
belief in after-life of, 212
Algonquin Legends of New England, Leland's, 271
Allatu, Queen of Assyrian Hades, 201-202, 288
'All-Father,' gods and sky-gods; 74 n.; Lang's theory
of the, 67-71, 73-74
Alligator as totem of Muskhogean Indians, 307
Ama-terasu, Japanese sun-goddess, 120, 168, 260
Amaethon, British deity, 296
Amei-malghen, guardian spirits of Araucanian Indians, 311
Amen, Egyptian god, 114
America, anthropological theories applied to myth of, by Payne, 84;
mound-building in, 305-306; sun-worship in, 305. See also
Brazil, Mexico, South America, etc.
American Indians, North, myths of, 31; flint-gods of, 26 et seq.;
fire myths of, 139; myth of origin of man of, 143; place of reward of,
153; star myth of, 156; creation myths of, 174-186; ideas of
after-life among, 211-215; mythic writings of, 270
Ancestor-worship, 104, 110-112
Andaman Islanders, fire-stealing myth of, 149
Andes, thunder-gods of, 122-123
Animal worship in Egypt, 45
Animatism, definition of, 22 n.
Animism, definitions, 17, 22, 52; Tylor on origin of, 23 n.; place
in mythic development, 31; Tylor's theory regarding, 58-59; causes of,
according to Spencer, 59-60; Lang's criticism upon theory of, 72-73;
universal nature of early, 82; and the supernatural idea of water, 97;
definite form of, developed in Egypt, 97; origin of, Elliot Smith's
theory of the, 97; distinction between, and polytheism, 109; animistic
conception of thunder, 122; and corn myth, 129-130
Animistic myth, classes of, 23
Anthropological school of mythology 51; its criticism of Müller's
theories, 52-53; recognizes gender-termination as survival
from animistic stage, 53; its position, 54-55; Tiele on, 65-66;
'ignorant camp-followers' of, 66
Anthropomorphism, 20, 110, 119, 125 et seq.
Anti, Araucanian sun-deity,


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